Happy Birthday? Retirement Decisions at 55+
If you will be hitting a “milestone” birthday soon, you’ll have some decisions to make (in addition to what you should plan to wish for when you blow out the candles). Some of these choices can’t be changed later. Rather than waiting to evaluate your alternatives at the time you need to choose, it’s smart to start thinking about them now.
Perhaps one of these landmark birthdays is right around the corner, or way down the road. Either way, your planner is continuously looking ahead to assist you with weighing the pros and cons of the choices as they come along. Here’s a handy list of the birthdays that involve some kind of financial decision:
At Age 55
If you separate from your employer at this age (retire, quit or termination), you can usually begin withdrawing from 401(k) and 403(b) plans without a 10% penalty. You’ll still owe taxes on the amount taken out, though.
You may be eligible for full pension benefits from certain employer plans if you have enough years of service. If you have a company pension, know & understand the rules before making the decision to start your payout, as it’s irrevocable.
At age 59 ½
You can withdraw money from tax-deferred savings plans (IRA accounts, deferred annuities) without paying a 10% penalty. Taxes are still owed on any amount withdrawn, however.
At age 60
If you are a widow or widower, you may be eligible to start drawing Social Security benefits against your deceased spouse’s earnings record. Note that earned income limits apply, so if you are still working, you may receive a reduced (zero) benefit.
At age 62
This is another age at which full pension benefits are often payable. Check with your employer – every pension plan is different!
You are able to begin collecting a reduced amount of Social Security benefits at age 62. If you start your benefits at this early age, they are permanently reduced and the decision is irrevocable.
At age 65
You are eligible for full pension benefits from most employers.
You qualify for Medicare benefits. If you are still working, be sure to coordinate with your human resources department to determine whether Medicare will become your primary or secondary payer.
At age 66
If you were born between 1943 and 1954, you’re eligible for full Social Security benefits. You can also take the benefit earlier, but there will be a reduction.
Sometime between age 66 – 67
If you were born between 1955 and 1959, you’re eligible for full Social Security benefits on a phased-in schedule. You can also take a reduced benefit earlier.
At age 67
If you were born in 1960 or later, you’re eligible for full Social Security benefits. You can also take the benefit earlier, but there will be a reduction
At age 70
You should begin to collect your Social Security benefits if you haven’t already. Your base benefit reaches the maximum at this age, and won’t increase any more by waiting.
At age 70 ½
You must begin withdrawals from your 401(k), 403(b), SEP IRA, SIMPLE IRA, 457 deferred compensation and traditional IRA accounts in the year you turn 70.5.
Written By Kimberly S. Baker, CFP®